HOMEOPATHIC PHARMACOLOGY, NOT THERAPEUTIC METHOD
-MEDICAL SCIENCE, NOT ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
Prof,dr,DUMITRU DOBRESCU , M.D. , Pharm.B
1. -SHORT HISTORICAL DATA
In the second half of the XVIII-the century medical knowledge’s were very few and the medical research was even less developed. The greatest part of the medical practice was rudimentary. Therapeutic means were bleeding, leeches, gargles, cataplasms,diaphoretics, laxatives, enemas. The notion of drug didn’t exist. There were used different natural products (plants, animals, minerals), in weighting doses, forerunners of the later allopathic drugs. They represented the first category of drugs, known in the history of medicine, which acted on the ground of the law of contraries.
The empiric knowledge’s on these products were brought together in books named “Materia Medica “ .The respective “monographs “were disposed in alphabetical order, without a scientific systemisation, impossible at that time.
Dissatisfied of the narrow limits of the medical knowledges and of the incapacities of the medical practice, the german physician Hahnemann used his creator genius in the service of renewing.
In 1790 , translating “Materia Medica “ of Cullen ,he was intrigued on the description of the features of the China tree bark . He decided to experiment himself the product, and observed the apparition of symptoms alike those which were treated with China bark. This experiment is considered the beginning of Homeopathy and the first, which permitted the elaboration of the law of similitude.
Many people consider Hahnemann as founder of experimental pharmacology, with the underlining that it’s word of experiment on human being. Some historians consider Claude Bernard (1813 – 1878) the founder of experimental pharmacology (the principles was known in 1848), but his works was published 38 years later after Hahnemann and the researches was made on animal.
In fact, Hahnemann discovered not only a new therapeutic method but also a new category of drugs and the modalities to highlight their effects. They are the second category of drugs, known in the history of medicine, which are active on the ground of the law of similitude. It is right to say that he putted the grounds of Homeopathic Pharmacology.
It is appropriate to underline that the efficacy of this second category of drugs was superior to the products of the first category, known in that time. Thus, it can be said that Homeopathy had, at it’s apparition, some advantage before the ponderal products of that time.
2. – HOMEOPATHY VS ALLOPATHY
In the 200 years since discovery of Homeopathy, the evolution of the two categories of drugs was completely different. The ponderal drugs, the future allopathic drugs, were in the middle of therapeutic concerns, evolved spectacularly and are in fully development even nowadays. .In the second half of XIX-the century was constituted Pharmacology (allopathic) as independent science , having a permanent renewing ,in a very rapid rhythm .This evolution was due to the assimilation of all the achievements of the fundamental sciences and to the big investments in the research of allopathic drugs .
The remarkable evolution of allopathic drug was also due to the fact that there were two groups of experts trained to deal with the progress of the drugs. They first were the pharmacologists and then the chemists specialized in the synthesis of new compounds. Among the pharmacologists some of them are researchers, who study the new substances and the professors of Pharmacology, who transmit to physicians the knowledge on drugs. The greatest part of these professors don’t practice the medicine and Pharmacotherapy . The clinicians and practitioners practice this.
In contrast, the homeopathic drug remained permanently on secondary place. Homeopathy was conceived as “therapeutic method “. All the efforts are towards how to describe more exactly the symptoms and how to discover the similimum drug. And though Homeopathy is seen only as therapeutic action, in reality it is ignored that the therapeutic action is possible only by the homeopathic drug.
The homeopaths are only practitioners and for the practice of Homeopathy the discoveries of modern medicine are not necessary. Doesn’t exist researchers pharmacologists who study the homeopath drug. And the professors of Pharmacology ignore or refuse the homeopathic drug.
That is why the practice of Homeopathy is not interested to assimilate anything from the discoveries of the fundamental sciences and remained, practical, at the some level like the initial one. Homeopathy didn’t assimilate the discoveries of modern medicine not because of being refractory to these but it was thought as a medical practice of a special kind, which didn’t need these achievements. It was thought that they don’t find their place in the ensemble of classic Homeopathy. Seen in this manner it can be said that homeopathy has a deficiency of the expectation.
3.- HOMEOPATHY = HOMEOPATHIC PHARMACOLOGY , NOT THERAPEUTIC METHOD
Without removing anything from the good parts of Homeopathy, it is necessary that it passes through its redefining. This action can’t start only in one way .It must take into account that Homeopathy can’t exist without its instrument, the homeopathic drug. And the drug is the subject of the science of Pharmacology. Homeopathy must be regarded through the homeopathic drug, which must be placed in the middle of concerns. We must underline that the two fundamental laws, which are at the ground of Homeopathy, law of similimum and law of infinitesimal doses, are connected directly to the homeopathic drug, they report on features, which belong only to it.
Homeopathic drug must be considered, in the some time, from two points of view;
-Like one of the two categories of drugs, known in therapeutics (allopathic and homeopathic), having some common features;
-Like a distinct category of drug, having its own features.
The features common to the concept of drug are grouped in many distinct chapters, which can be considered as defining these aspects. Therapeutic method with drugs,
PHARMACOTHERAPY is only one part, one chapter of Pharmacology, beside of PHARMACOKINETICS, PHARMACODYNAMICS,
PHARMACOTOXICOLOGY, PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGY, PHARMACOGRAPHICS, concept demonstrated in my book, “Homeopathic Pharmacology “.
In this way, therapeutic method with homeopathic drug is only one part of Homeopathy, and can be considered HOMEOPATHIC PHARMACOTHERAPY or HOMEOTHERAPY. HOMEOPATHY IS THE EXPRESSION HAVING THE LARGEST CONTENT AND SIGNIFICATION, FRAMES PERFECTLY IN COMPREHENSIVE AREA OF HOMEOPATHIC PHARMACOLOGY and IS SYNONYMOUS WITH THIS.
4. -HOMEOPATHY – MEDICAL SCIENCE, NOT ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
Today while talking on Homeopathy, we can say, for certain, that:
-Homeopathy began its existence grounding on the experimental bases and on rigorous observations. It represented the start of experimental pharmacology. That’s why saying that Homeopathy is unscientific is unjustified.
-In perfect agreement with actual knowledges in the” drug science”, on the whole, it is synonymous with Homeopathic Pharmacology, therefore with the science of homeopathic drug. The homeopathic therapeutic method is only one part of Homeopathy, which is Homeopathic Pharmacotherapy, as I demonstrated several times, even in this study and is practiced by administration of drugs, which have some laws in common with allopathic drugs.
-Knowing the scientific objective character of the homeopathic theory and the practice, it installs Homeopathic beside Allopathic Pharmacology, as a branch of Pharmacology, both of them being science of drug.
-Consideration of Homeopathy as alternative medicine is an abusive discrimination, which bring great social damages and which must stop as soon as possible. There are a great number of troubles of health which can be treated with homeopathic drugs, with fewer expenses and with results at least equal with allopathic drug and which remain untreated because of poverty.
-The opponents of Homeopathy have one attitude unrightfully and immoral. They refuse it, invoking critiques connected on aspects which can’t be demonstrated in the actual faze of science (like mechanism of action) and they omit dishonestly obvious facts which plead in favor of Homeopathy (like efficacy, lack of adverse effects) .In the same time they pull in evidence, overestimated, the advantages of allopathic drug, but they ignore the great number and the gravity of adverse effects, which yield very great damages of public health.
-One of classic definition of Homeopathy is: “Therapeutic method which consist of treat one illness with infinitesimal doses of a substance which produces in healthy human troubles similar with those presented by patient “.
The correct definition is: ”Science of drug based on law of similitude and on infinitesimal doses “.
And Allopathy is :”Science of drug based on law of opposites and on pondered doses”.
-Science of homeopathic drug must be considered equal with science of allopathic drug, both being branches of Pharmacology, example of unity in variety.
-There is a single medicine. The title “alternative medicine “ given for some practices is deeply wrong, illogic and absurd. These must not be considered “medicine “ but “paramedical practices” (Para – gr. =. Beyond, near) .To be considered “medicine “ they must be based on the application of theoretical and practical knowledges of medicine .In fact they are based on empirics and have nothing in common with the medical sciences. Unlike them, Homeopathic Pharmacology, like allopathic one, are grounded on scientific anatomic – physiological bases. They are “normal and pathological physiology applied to the drug”, meaning that they study alterations of physiological functions under the influence of drugs.
-Homeopathy is synonymous with Homeopathic Pharmacology, a medical science that, like Allopathy or Allopathic Pharmacology has nothing in common with “alternative medicine “.